A lot has changed since Malcolm X died in 1963, but there are still a few things that stand out.
Here are 10 things we know about the man who coined the phrase “I’m with her, but I’m with you”.
He never went to the hospital when he was illMalcolm X was never taken to the nearest hospital when suffering from a mental illness.
“Malcolm” is the first word in the dictionary to describe the disease, which left him with an extreme case of amnesia and a severe personality disorder.
“I am with you, but am not with you,” he famously said, which was a bold statement that would have been unheard of even in the 1960s.
His speeches were usually short and to the point, and he often spoke about his problems with substance abuse.
He did not suffer from schizophreniaWhen he died in 1965, Malcolm X was diagnosed with schizophrenia.
“You know, I’m just glad I don’t suffer from any of these other illnesses,” he said.
“They are not all that dangerous.”
He also suffered from paranoid schizophrenia, and this led to him developing a paranoid personality disorder and taking medication.
He was the first black presidentMalcolm was not the first African American president to hold the office.
He came second in his race for the presidency in 1960 to Democrat Jimmy Carter.
He won his party’s nomination, but was defeated in a special election by the Republican Walter Mondale.
In 1968, Malcolm went to prison for protesting against the Vietnam War and the 1964 assassination of President John F Kennedy.
He also received a presidential pardon for his role in the killing of Robert Kennedy.
He made his name as a civil rights campaignerMalcolm is credited with leading the civil rights movement in the US.
He and Martin Luther King Jr were both in jail at the time of the assassination, and Malcolm took up the cause of civil rights.
“When I came out of prison, I said I wanted to help the black community,” he once said.
Malcolm had a vision for the black rights movement, and many people believed that he would lead the way.
“He was a very passionate person,” civil rights activist and TV commentator Martin Luther Jackson said.
He changed the face of the countryWhile Malcolm X did not become president until he was 90, he changed the course of US politics in the 50s and 60s.
He famously campaigned against the civil war in Vietnam and helped negotiate the release of Robert F Kennedy from prison.
He led a movement to end racism in the workplaceMalcolm fought racism in his workplace, including racial discrimination.
In a speech he gave in 1971, Malcolm said he was “very disappointed” in the American labour market and its racist practices.
“What do you expect when a man who was a civil servant, a lawyer, a doctor, a journalist, who fought for the rights of black people in America, who was involved in the struggle for racial justice in this country, you are in charge of an office in the federal government?
What do you get?” he said, adding that he hoped the US would soon change its ways.
He helped to bring down apartheidSouth Africa became independent in 1994, but it was still under the South African government of President Nelson Mandela.
It had been the world’s most repressive country.
The United States was still a US ally, and it was a key player in South Africa’s economic and political transition.
It was Malcolm X who helped bring the country’s first free elections in 1994.
“For the first time in the history of this country,” he told his audience, “a black person can run for president.”
He stood up for civil rightsWhile he was not an elected official, Malcolm’s activism was significant.
He became one of the first major figures to speak out against the injustices faced by African Americans.
He began speaking out about race after being fired from his job as a white radio host in 1968, when he wrote an article in The Nation newspaper.
He went on to take up the fight against racial discrimination in his employer’s radio station.
“As the civil right leader of a black community in the most powerful nation in the world, Malcolm was always a leader of courage and power,” former NAACP President Jesse Jackson said in a statement.
He inspired millions of Americans to take on racial injusticeMalcolm made a big impact on the lives of many Americans, but he was also influential in the black political establishment.
The late Sen. Edward Brooke, D-Massachusetts, was the chairman of the Democratic National Committee and was a close friend of Malcolm X. “There was no doubt that Malcolm’s legacy will live on for generations to come, and that he was a major influence on the way our country looks at race and its issues,” Brooke said.
He fought the Vietnam warWhen he was discharged from the Army in 1969, Malcolm